Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Hoffboll Model

Within the recent views about trauma care, the resilience model of Hoffboll plays a central role. An important advantage of this model is that it can be performed by volunteers, not necessarily trained in trauma care.

The resilience of a diver is influenced by:

  1. Personal characteristics,
  2. Support from the home environment,
  3. Diving club,
  4. Diving federation,
  5. Mentalcoaching team.

1.The diver with his personal characteristics: the way a diver deals with setbacks isalso determined by how resilient someone is. How can a diver look after himself, does he know his personal limitations, can he put a stressful situation in perspective and place it within the context of diving as a sport? How will a diver go about solving problems, how mature is he in sharing his experiences of a diving incident/accident with other divers or his family? How optimistic is he?

2. Support from the home environment: the extent to which a diver receives support from his family and friends is an important factor. Strong social ties ensure that a person is not isolated but is supported while coming to terms with such a drastic event.

3. Support from the diving club: in addition to family support, support from the diving club is also an important anchor for a positive recovery. The extent to which a club encourages and maintains cohesion and comradeship amongst the members promotes recovery. The diving club also has an important task in providing correct and unambiguous communication and by nipping in the bud any gossip about a diver after a diving incident or accident.

4.The diving federation: Together with the team, the federation has an important task in continuing to set mental care after a diving incident or accident high on the agenda, and also in regarding it as a fully-fledged part of integral medical (physical) and mental care.

5.Mental coaching team: The resilience of a diver can be increased with the support of the mental coaching team.