SIGNS THAT REPORT POTENTIAL PROBLEMS
To be able to assist a diver you need to recognize the signs that he needs help.
A diver with problems but with the control of his acts, usually asks for help and keeps his movements controlled and precise, breathes normally, responds to what they tell him and even seems to be relaxed. If the diver panics, he completely loses control, gets an irrational fear and acts on instinct with uncontrolled actions.
When the situation takes place on the surface, it is usually afraid of drowning and is unable to establish positive buoyancy. He often takes the regulator out of his mouth, puts the mask on his forehead and hears nothing about it. He also starts making sudden and uncontrolled movements and keeps his eyes very open.
Underwater this situation is very conflicting, and it takes a lot of calm and care to help a panicked diver.
EXHAUST AND TRAILER OF A TIRED DIVER
There are situations where the diver can get so tired that he can’t breathe, having difficulty swimming to the boat or to shore. In these conditions, the companion must create him positive buoyancy and towerve him by holding him by the bottle tap or pushing his fins, seeking to calm him down and asking for his collaboration. If exhaustion happens underwater, it is preferable to stop, control breathing and, if necessary, start climbing.
There are a few basic procedures to help an exhausted diver:
- On the Surface, the rescuer must approach in the most convenient way, so as not to put himself in a dangerous situation. You must establish positive buoyancy (by filling your vest and if necessary removing your ballast belt); should try to calm him down and help him regain his breath; if necessary, should help you get back to the boat or the land.
- Underwater it is preferable to approach from behind. Should try to keep the diver regulator in difficulty in the mouth; should help in the ascent by operating the assisted diver’s vest. These situations require additional training and require experience and aquaticity.
TO PROVIDE EFFECTIVE HELP, IT IS ADVISABLE TO ATTEND THE SPECIALTY COURSE IN “RESCUE DIVER”