M10 – Barotraumas
Barotraumas is an aggressive action of pressure variations on the body.
In diving, barotraumatic aggression is due to the variation in the volumes of gaseous masses, air or other gases, enclosed in the cavities in the body. Therefore, barotrauma presupposes the existence of a cavity, enclosing a gaseous mass that is in communication with ambient pressure.
If the gases are contained in elastic or compressible compartments, such as the lungs, stomach or intestine, the walls of these organs easily adapt to volume variations. But if the compartments are not compressible, as is the case with the bone cavities, the air may conflict with the cavity that encloses it and cause the barotrauma.
BAROTRAUMA ARISES WHEN, FOR ANATOMICAL, PHYSIOPATHOLOGICAL CAUSES, OR BY TEMPORARY CHANGES, THERE IS OBSTRUCTION FREE OF PASSAGE OF GASES BETWEEN THE CAVITY WHERE THEY ARE CONTAINED AND THE OUTSIDE
AT THE END OF THE MODULE THE STUDENT MUST KNOW
- What is meant by barotrauma.
- What causes and what is the symptom of mask crushing.
- How to solve the problem of mask crushing.
- What parts of the ear are related to pressure variations.
- What is the cause and how to prevent ear barotrauma.
- Recognize the symptoms and know what care to take care of barotrauma of the ear.
- What it is and how to prevent barotrauma of the perinase sinus.
- Recognize the symptoms and know what care to have in the face of barotrauma of the perinais sinus.
- What causes and how to prevent barotrauma of teeth.
- What causes and how to prevent diver cramps.
- What causes alternating vertigo.
- Recognize symptoms and know how to prevent alternating vertigo.
- What is the cause and how to prevent pulmonary overpressure.
- Recognize the symptoms and signs of pulmonary overpressure and know what care to take care of this accident.